President and Chairman of Central Military Commission: Xi Jinping; b. 1953 (Chinese Communist Party; elected 14 March 2013).
Deputy President: Li Yuanchao.
In March 2013 the government comprised:
Premier of the State Council (Prime Minister): Li Keqiang; b. 1955 (Chinese Communist Party; appointed 15 March 2013).
Deputy Prime Ministers: Zhang Gaoli; Liu Yandong; Wang Yang; Ma Kai.
Minister of Agriculture: Han Changfu. Civil Administration: Li Liguo. Commerce: Gao Hucheng. Culture: Cai Wu. Education: Yuan Guiren. Environmental Protection: Zhou Shengxian. Finance: Lou Jiwei. Foreign Affairs: Wang Yi. Health: Chen Zhu. Housing, and Urban and Rural Development: Jiang Weixin. Human Resources and Social Security: Yin Weimin. Industry and Information: Miao Wei. Justice: Wu Aiying. Land and Resources: Jiang Daming. National Defence: Chang Wanquan. Public Security: Guo Shengkun. Science and Technology: Wan Gang. State Security: Geng Huichang. Supervision: Huang Shuxian. Transport: Yang Chuantang. Water Resources: Chen Lei.
Ministers heading State Commissions: Ethnic Affairs, Wang Zhengwei. National Development and Reform, Xu Shaoshi. National Population and Family Planning, Li Bin.
De facto power is in the hands of the Communist Party of China, which had 80·27m. members in 2010. There are eight other parties, all members of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference.
The members of the Standing Committee of the Politburo in March 2013 were: Xi Jinping (General Secretary); Li Keqiang; Zhang Dejiang; Yu Zhengsheng; Liu Yunshan; Wang Qishan; Zhang Gaoli.
Government Website: http://www.gov.cn